Resilience and adaptation to climate variability for sustainable and lasting food security in Chad, regions of Wadi Fira, Guéra and Ouadaï
Chad is listed 185 on 188 countries in 2015 with an HDI of 0,392 with the index of multi-dimensional poverty of 0,545 (HDI Report, 2015). More than 64% of the population lives on less than US$ 1 a day per person. Chad, particularly the Sahel zone is confronted with recurrent and environmental climatic shocks (floods, drought, sandstorms, etc.) which exacerbate the population’s vulnerability. Facing such occurrences, the vulnerability all the more alarming considering that the administrative structures and support of existing development (ministries, government agencies and local authorities CRA, CDA and CLA) lack the human and financial resources, the technical capacities and the means of action to respond to it. These shocks lead to high rates of food insecurity. According to the national study on food security (l’Enquête Nationale de Sécurité Alimentaire ENSA) of December 2015, 25% of the population (3.094.741) are food insecure of which 6% (706.831) in its severe form.
The highest rates of global food insecurity are being observed in the Sahel strip, particularly in the regions Barh El Gazal (85,3%), Guéra (54,03%), Sila (54.8%), Wadi Fira (49,7%), Ouaddaï (14,8%), etc. Compared to the results of the ENSA study of October 2014 and of November 2013, the rates increased by 5%. The results of Cadre Harmonisé demonstrate that 3.805.927 persons will confront a situation of food insecurity in 2016, of which 892.964 persons will be in a situation of crisis (planned phase).
The results of the Cadre Harmonisé published in 2016 reveal that for the period March – May 2016 the districts Dar Tama, Biltine, Iriba, Megri, Mamdi, Wayi, Mangalmé, Barh-El-Gazal Sud, Western Barh-El-Gazal, Nordern Barh-El-Gazal, Nordern Kanem, Wadi Bissam, Kanem, Western Batha and Eastern Batha are in the « Phase of Crisis » (« Phase Crise »). Close to 1.002.000 persons are estimated to be in this phase. The vulnerable persons, notably the poor and very poor, will need food aid including free food assistance, sales at moderate prices and other recovery activities as well as activities of nutrition enhancement, of health, livelihoods and resilience capacities.
ER 1: Men and women of the agro-pastoralist and pastoralist households in the rural areas increased their availability of food stocks.
ER 2: Men and women of agro-pastoralist and pastoralist households increase sustainably and lastingly their income and enhanced their physical, social and financial access to nourishment.
ER 3: Men and women of rural agro-pastoralist and pastoralist households enhance their practices related to hygiene, water usage and nourishment.
ER 4: Men and women of agro-pastoralist and pastoralist households of rural zones stabilized their access to nutrition and their resilience to nutritional crises.
The final participants are 15.000 poor and very poor agro-pastoralist and pastoralist households (105.000 persons, 7 persons/household) at risk of malnutrition covered by humanitarian projects funded by the EG ECHO in the districts of Wadi Fira, Ouaddaï and Guera.
They comprise those who were able to rebuild and secure their livelihoods, who yet remain dependent on erratic rainfall, on water resources and on increasingly rare and less productive agricultural lands. In view of the recurrence of food insecurity in this area (4 deficit years in 5 years: 2009, 2011/2012, 2013/2014 and 2016), these households need medium and longterm support to mitigate the risks to return to a situation of crisis in case of food deficit (however minor).
Districts of Wadi Fira, Ouaddaï and Guera
01.01.2017 - 30.11.2019
The overall objective of the project is to ensure sustainable and lasting food security through the promotion of an innovative and «intelligent» agriculture in view of climate change and to enhance the access to basic social services (health care, education and WASH).
The specific objective of the project is to support the households of agro-pastoralists and pastoralists who suffer from food insecurity and chronic malnutrition in order to increase their resilience in view of medium and longterm shocks and in order to sustainably and lastingly enhance their food security.
This project contributes to the following sustainable development goals (SDGs):