PADEP – Project to support the development of pastoralists in the Ennedi Wadifira area in eastern Chad (PASTOR Programme)
Chad is ranked 186th out of 188 countries (2016), with a Human Development Index (HDI) of 0.396 and a multidimensional poverty index of 0.545 (HDI Report, 2016). All of Chad, and particularly its Sahel region, is facing recurrent climatic and environmental shocks (floods, drought, sandstorms, etc.) that increase the vulnerability of its population. Vulnerability to such events is all the more worrying as existing administrative and development support structures (ministries, government agencies and local authorities CRA, CDA and CLA) lack the human and financial resources, technical capacities and means of action to respond to them. These shocks lead to a significant decrease in natural resources (water, fodder) and significant livestock mortality. In addition, demographic pressure is increasing competition over the use of resources and gradually weakening people’s living conditions. Pastoralism is of particular importance in the local economy, household food security, but also in the lifestyles of pastoralists. This insecurity therefore weakens household livelihoods and creates conflicts in some areas.
ER1: The capacities of actors at the regional level on pastoral development have been strengthened and the vulnerability to climate change reduced.
Conducting Vulnerability and Adaptive Capacity Analysis to Climate Change (AVACC) and Participatory Scenario Planning (PPS) studies and gender analyses
Support for the preparation and implementation of a pastoral development strategy documents for each region
Organisation of inter-community consultation forums on pastoral development
Establishment and support to conflict prevention committees
Support for basic social services in the project areas
Translation into Arabic of national and regional pastoral development policies and strategies
Support for the implementation of vaccination campaigns to improve animal health
Support for the development of income-generating activities (IGAs) for women and youth
Setting up Village Savings and Credit Associations
Introduction of plants with multiple uses
ER2: Sustainable pastoral water infrastructure facilities have been constructed and conflict-free mobility for men, women and young people ensured.
Preliminary diagnosis and hydrogeological studies
Security markers for grazing areas
Implementation/strengthening of water point management systems
Construction of 80 km of firewalls (on a pilot basis) to protect resources exposed to fires
Development of Cash for Work (CFW) activities
ER3: A sustainable maintenance systems for pastoral water infrastructure facilities in eastern Chad has been developed and implemented.
Designing a funding mechanism (setting up fee collection systems managed by user committees for maintenance)
Inventory and centralization of information on the condition of hydraulic structures
Preparation of annual monitoring plans for the water systems
Training and information on good maintenance practices
Institut de Recherche en Elevage pour le Développement (IRED), Bureau d’Appui à l’Agriculture et à la Protection de l’Environnement (BAPE), Association pour la Promotion des Initiatives de Développement (APIDEL)
The target groups of the action include 3,000 pastoral households (2,700 young people (18 to 25 years old), 6,885 women, 8,415 men), 3,000 households (2,880 young people (18 to 25 years old), 7,620 women, 7,500 men) and 15 community teachers, 36,015 people in total. In addition, 3 Regional Committees of Action, 7 Departmental Committees of Action, 26 Local Committees of Action, 150 Farmers Organizations and 4 Federations will also be part of the target groups. The final participants of this action are (i) all household members of the target groups (men, women, young people and children) who will benefit from a reduction in conflicts and livestock mortality rate during their journeys, as well as new opportunities that will be created; (ii) Sultans, tribal leaders of pastoralists, village chiefs, community leaders who will participate in the concerted management of natural resources and works; (iii) the entire population of the two regions benefiting from the impact of the action.
20.11.2018 – 19.12.2022
European Union (European Development Fund)
Contribute to the promotion of a concerted and sustainable use of pastoral resources in Chad by taking into account the needs of local populations, strengthening their resilience to climate change in pastoral and agro-pastoral areas, creating jobs, especially for youth, and thus reducing their poverty.
To support men, women and young pastoralists and agropastoralists in the administration and sustainable management of agro-pastoral resources in the eastern border areas (Ennedi / Wadi-Fira) of Chad.